020 7608 5655 info@kannis.co.uk


Taking care of a new puppy can bring both delights and disasters! Understanding a puppys rate of growth and development will provide an excellent framework to enable you to understand and appreciate all of the different aspects of puppy care. The requirements of newborn puppy care varies considerably to taking care of an older puppy. Planning your new routines in relation to puppy care can really help reduce any potential pitfalls. The planning that goes into preparing for a new baby is major and a puppy is not dissimilar to a new born baby! Puppy care is time consuming and requires a whole new routine for all members the family! The information provided in this section are Preparing for new born puppy care, puppy safety, feeding puppy care, sleeping arrangements for pups and puppy supervision.

Newborn Puppy Care - up to 4 weeksPUPPY CARE

Newborn Puppy Care is very much the total province of the mother. The following details chart the requirements for puppy care according to the puppies growth and development rates.

  • A puppy is born blind, deaf and toothless
  • The puppy's eyes, which are closed at birth, open when it is between one and two weeks old. It then begins to see
  • A puppy cannot shiver. It is small and therefore must look to its mother for warmth
  • Puppies whimper when they are cold, hungry or uncomfortable
  • Puppies grow while they sleep
  • A puppy is reliant on its mother for the first few weeks for food, comfort and to learn basic dog requirements
  • A puppy will be weaned between the ages of 3 and 7 weeks
  • During the ages of 3 to 7 weeks its first teeth, or milk teeth will appear
  • A puppy is taught basic behaviour disciplines from its mother
  • A puppy should be exposed to people within its first week to enable it to socialise comfortably with other species
  • A puppies first four weeks are important during which time they should be made to feel comfortable with their environment and mixing with different species and people. Failure to do this may result in behavioural problems as the puppy grows older
  • Puppies learn what it is like to bite and be bitten
  • Puppies also learn what different forms of barking mean and how to make and use those sounds themselves to establish relationships with other dogs

Puppy Care between 4 to 7 weeks old

  • A puppy will continue how to socialise with other dogs and animals and people
  • Up to the age of 4 weeks the mother will be with the puppy almost constantly
  • Between 4 and 5 weeks the mother will gradually spend time away from her puppies
  • Children should be encouraged to play with puppies at this age to ensure the puppy is comfortable with children in the future
  • After weaning puppies need to receive a series of vaccines in order to develop immunity on their own. Vaccinations for puppies generally include distemper, hepatitis, leptospirosis, parainfluenza, parvovirus, rabies, and sometimes bordetella
  • Puppies are usually found new homes at this age

Puppy Care - Preparing for he arrival of a new puppy

This section details the top tips and advice on puppy care in relation to preparing for the arrival of a new puppy. Inspect your home through the eyes of a new puppy and any potential problems or safety issues - a major consideration in puppy care.

Puppy Care - Safety Issues

  • Are there any rooms that you do not want the pup to go into? Install locks or safety gates
  • The bathroom especially should be made totally out of bounds - your puppy might be tempted to drink water from the toilet
  • Make sure the floors are clear of anything sacred or that might harm the puppy - toys, slippers, shoes, papers etc
  • Remote controls are very dangerous for a dog the batteries can cause burning and mercury poisoning - Put them somewhere safe
  • Check out your house plants - some can cause toxic poisoning such as mistletoe, holly, hibiscus, dieffenbachia, ivy and azalea to name but a few
  • Household cleaners - Be sure to remove any cleansers, disinfectants, bleach and soap powder from the puppys reach
  • Check the house for any small items that might be swallowed
  • Check for any dangling chords or table cloths
  • Make sure that no breakable items or garbage is accessible to the new puppy

Puppy Care - Attention

Play with her quietly and gently. Don't confuse a pup with too much attention and activity. It is important that a puppys activities are monitored at all times. A puppy requires a lot of sleep, during which time it grows, so ensure that you meet your puppies sleep requirements

Puppy Care - Identification

Your puppy will be as precious as any member of your family. All puppies should wear a collar and name tag at all times - a microchip might also be considered

Make sure the collar is not too loose or too tight and the size is checked regularly

Puppy Care - Routines, Responsibilities and Rules

Devise a puppy care schedule - the puppy needs time for play and sleep

Who will be responsible for feeding and clean water?

Who will be responsible for cleaning any mess?

Decide what action to take if the puppy whines - especially at night

Puppy Care between 8 and 12 weeks

The planning and preparation stages are over - puppy care is now the responsibility of the new family Ensure that puppies have received their appropriate vaccinations

The character and temperament of the puppy and their adjustment to their new environment and new people should have been eased by its early weeks of life

The first few days at a new home should be eased as much as possible by ensuring that the puppy has lots of attention and different things to do and see

At first, the puppy should be fed four times a day. (Feedings should be reduced to twice a day by the time a puppy is mature or even once a day in the case of a dog that gets little exercise)

The puppy will use its basic instincts to naturally explore its new environment and the different things within it

Puppies will still sleep a lot and grow as they are sleeping. They usually appear restless and move about considerably but this is quite normal

A puppy is naturally playful bringing fun and enjoyment to both the puppy and its owners

Remember that the pup is still developing behavioural patterns and is important that puppies continue with their socialising program

Smell is the dog's most acute sense and a puppy will continually sniff the air, the ground, and nearby objects to learn what is happening around it

During this early stage of a puppies life they will need to experience many new things and have not yet obtained a high level of confidence to cope with this. It may encounter situations which make them nervous and frightened

The job of any owner is to ensure that their puppy is gaining confidence to cope with more stressful situations at this important growth stage

During times of stress, a dog raises its hackles - the hair along the neck and spine

Puppy Care between 12 and 16 weeks

  • Puppies teethe! At this age of growth the first of the permanent teeth will work through ( this process continues usually until the seventh month when all 42 teeth would have appeared)
  • Puppies should not be excessively groomed. A soft brushing will usually suffice until it is a year old
  • Puppies should not be given a full bath until it is mature at 1 year in order to preserve the natural skin oils
  • At this age a puppy might demonstrate Pack Leader Behavior and test who is the Boss. A puppy will challenge your authority
  • It is critical that you establish your position as pack leader at this point

Puppy Care between 4 and 8 months

  • The adult teeth continue to come through and during this time puppies need to chew! Provide them with items to chew and don't be surprised if they start on nay objects left lying around - like slippers!
  • The incisors and the canines are very important because the dog bites and tears at its food with these teeth
  • The confidence of the puppy will now have grown as would its physical size. The puppy will be showing interest in chasing its quarry but are probably not fast enough to actually catch it!
  • Puppies at this age will not feel the need to stay close to their owners and will develop the urge to run off on their own
  • No puppy of this age should ever be let off the leash except in a totally safe, confined area

Puppy Care between 8 months to 1 year

  • At this age it should be considered whether a puppy should be spayed or neutered
  • Feeding frequency should be considered - reduce to 2 or 3 meals per day
  • Some dogs reach sexual maturity at the age of eight months
  • The puppy is old enough to start Obedience Classes or a professional training program
  • The puppy would have grown to approximately half to three quarters the size of and adult. Female dogs would have probably reached their eventually height but will to continue to 'fill out'

Puppy Care at 12 months old

Puppies are now considered to have finished their development and growth rate and are viewed as adult dogs. Although sexually mature beforehand, a dog usually does not attain full growth until at least its first birthday.

Puppies - Individual Breeds

We have provided oodles of information relation to dogs and puppies of individual breeds. The Size comparison pictures between an adult and a full size dog are invaluable when considering which puppy to buy! Please click the following link for access and information for all dog breeds, dog training and dog names.


Owning a dog is rewarding, but it’s also a lot of responsibility.

Dogs are wonderful companions but they require some work and a great deal of responsibility. Although each dog (and owner) is different, there are some common grounds that constitute responsible dog ownership.

Training your dog

A dog that's been taught a few simple rules will become a well-adjusted and well-behaved family pet. If your newly adopted dog doesn't have his commands down, now's as good a time as any to remedy that! Your new addition needs to be taught manners and the rules of the household. From the time you bring him home from the shelter, he must be taught not to bite or chew humans - even in play.

He must be taught that unnecessary barking is not allowed.

The key to training a dog of any age is to realise that he really does want to please you. Praise and reward your dog for appropriate behaviour and use a stern "No" command when you wish to correct his behaviour.

If it's more than you can handle on your own, find an obedience class or a trainer. Many vets and pet shops also offer training classes. This will provide instruction on training your dog to obey basic commands such as stay, down, and to come when called, but also allows him to socialise with other dogs.

On grooming

Regular grooming is a must to keep your dog looking and feeling his best. Naturally, long-haired or densely coated breeds require brushing more frequently than short haired dogs. Some breeds require regular professional clipping. Your veterinarian can assist with cutting nails and cleaning teeth, and show you how to do some of this yourself.

A regular grooming ritual is also a great bonding experience for you and your new dog. It feels good, and it shows him how much you love and appreciate him.

Walk the walk

As a general rule, dogs need regular walking for physical and mental stimulation. When walking your dog he should be kept on a leash and should never be allowed to wander or roam freely. Also, be sure your dog wears his identification tag at all times.

Scoop the poop

As a responsible dog owner, you should always carry plastic bags when you walk your dog. A good way to remember to do this is to purchase a small, but durable "dog bag" and hang it in the same place as your dog's leash.

The bag might contain a supply of poop-scoop bags, maybe a toy for the park, some grooming implements, and some emergency cash. It's also a good place for your keys and cell phone, if you have one. Once you get into the habit of bringing your dog bag whenever you take him out, you'll rarely forget

Lost dogs

Unfortunately dogs sometimes do get lost, and it can be heartbreaking. But it is also quite easily preventable. You can help prevent this by making sure your dog always wears a collar and an identification tag with your telephone number. For extra insurance you can get him micro-chipped at your vet. Be sure he always wears his matching microchip ID with his other tags. Confine your dog during thunderstorms and fireworks displays. If your dog is lost check with your neighbours, local veterinary clinics, animal welfare organisations, and shelters. Check with these organisations in the neighbouring suburbs - lost animals may travel some distance. If he's been micro-chipped, contact the company he's registered with. And continue to contact all of these locations daily until your dog is found.