PUPPY & DOG VACCINATIONS
 
 Prevention is Better than Cure
Canine vaccinations are the most important preventative measure you can take to reduce the risk of disease in your pet. Many diseases can be fatal so it is imperative that a Vaccination Programme is carefully considered together with a Health Care Schedule for your puppy or dog. Canine diseases are transmitted via contact with a virus or bacteria. The vaccinations for canine diseases are explained in some detail below but you have the choice of deciding which canine vaccinations are appropriate for your individual dog or puppy. Your choice will depend on risk factors associated with your dog's health, lifestyle and environment. Once these decisions have been made you can formulate a Vaccination Schedule.
 
 Puppy and Dog Disease Information
Your dog can be immunised for the following diseases:

Disease

Symptoms

Effects

Rabies Attacks the nervous system and brain Fatal. Can be transmitted to people
Canine Parvovirus Diarrhea and vomiting Highly contagious. Can be fatal to puppies
Canine Distemper Nasal and eye discharge, twitching, coughing, diarrhea, vomiting and seizures Can be fatal. Virus carried by air.
Parainfluenza Respiratory problems Highly contagious. Can be fatal to puppies
Canine Hepatitis Liver problems Transmitted by other infected animals
Canine Bordetella
( Kennel Cough)
Respiratory problems - cough Transmitted by other infected animals
Leptospirosis Varied can include fever, vomiting, abdominal pain, diarrhea or no symptoms Transmitted by other infected animals. Can be transmitted to people
Lyme disease Lethargy, inflamed joints Transmitted via an infected tick
Coronavirus Diarrhea and lethargy Transmitted by other infected animals


Immunisation is the most important preventative measure you can take to reduce the risk of disease in your pet. The cost of vaccinations can be obtained from your local Canine Health Advisor. Planning an individual vaccination schedule tailor-made to requirements of your dog or puppy can reduce the cost of vaccinations as no dog will require all of the vaccinations that are available.

Puppy and Dog Vaccinations - A Dog & Puppy Vaccination Schedule
No dog requires every single canine vaccine that is available. Tailor a Vaccination Plan to suit your puppy or dog by conducting a simple Risk Assessment. Consider your answers to the following questions and this will help you to formulate your own ideas for an individual Dog or Puppy Vaccination plan and schedule. Address these questions to each of the canine diseases for which your dog or puppy may be vaccinated:
What age are the dogs most at risk from the disease?
Which breeds of dogs are most at risk from the disease?
How easily are these diseases transmitted to other dogs?
Is there potential for transmission of the disease to people?
Is there a high mortality rate associated with the disease?
Will the lifestyle of your puppy or dog increase the risk of contracting the disease?
What is the current health status of your dog and what medications is he/she taking?
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 What is the vaccination history of your puppy or dog?
Take time out to consider the above questions and you will be ready to discuss some informed ideas with your Vet. Your Veterinary Surgeon will be pleased that you have taken the trouble and will provide you with his/her professional advice, opinion and recommendations on immunisation for your dog or puppy.

Puppy and Dog Vaccinations - Core and Non-Core Vaccinations
The trend towards planning an individual immunisation programme for dog and puppy vaccinations have lead to the process of dividing vaccinations into two groups:
Canine Core Vaccinations: Vaccinations recommended for administration to all dogs
Canine Non-Core Vaccinations: Recommended for only those dogs at risk due to anticipated health problems or whose lifestyle or environment gives rise to a reasonable risk of exposure
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 Puppy and Dog Core Vaccinations: What are they?
Examples of the Core Vaccinations include vaccines against:
Canine Distemper Virus (CDV)
Hepatitis
Canine Parvovirus
There are combination vaccines such as the Four in One vaccine which includes protection from the viral diseases of Distemper, Hepatitis, Parainfluenza and Parvovirus.
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 Puppy and Dog Non-Core Vaccinations: What are they?

Examples of the Non-Core Vaccinations include vaccines against:
Bordetella (Kennel Cough)
Parainfluenza
Lyme Disease
Leptospirosis
 

 Puppy and Dog Vaccination Information

How do Pet Vaccinations actually work?
Pets and people have vaccinations but how many of us actually know how they work?

A vaccination mimics the process of the disease
A weakened form of the virus is injected into the body
The immune system is triggered into producing antibodies
Antibodies protect the body against the disease
The body remembers the virus
The body will better respond to future exposure to the virus
More, appropriate antibodies will be produced
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 Canine Dog Health
As the saying goes, prevention is better than cure and detecting early signs of any potential dog health problems will obviously help to ensure the wellbeing of your dog or puppy. Basic observation of a dog or puppy will alert its owner to changes in the normal behaviour of the dog and that something is amiss. A straightforward check of the dog will help to confirm any suspicions of ill health.
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 Puppies: Vaccinations and Wormers
Puppies are especially at risk from various diseases as their immunity is so low. Puppies receive immunity from certain diseases from their mother before weaning, if she has been vaccinated. After weaning, when puppies are eating on their own, they need to be vaccinated as soon as possible. Canine Parvovirus is particularly deadly to young puppies. The above information on creating a Dog Vaccination Plan and schedule with a Veterinary Surgeon will help to ensure the safety of your puppy. It is essential that you are provided with a vaccination history when you purchase a puppy. It is common for puppies to have worms, so a basic wormer for Roundworms and Hookworms is recommended with the first vaccinations.
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 Dog Health Advice
We hope that the canine health information and dog health advice in relation to Puppy & Dog Vaccinations has been of some assistance. Please remember that dog or puppy’s Vaccination Plan should be created in consultation with your Canine Health Specialist.
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PUPPY CARE
Puppy First Days
Puppy Dental Pain
When Dog Eats Bad Things
Puppy & Dog Vaccination
Choosing the Right Puppy Dog
Training a Puppy
Puppy Growth & Development
   
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